Why Choose this Training Course?
When oil companies drill a well, approximately 130,000 gallons of water are required. This quantity is dwarfed when during well stimulation, water usage increases to 2.5 million gallons. During production, water injection or flooding increases the well pressure and enhances oil recovery from 30% of the oil in place to as much as 50%. The water used during these operations is required to be of a certain quality, however the importance of proper water treatment is often underestimated. This is due to the tremendous variation in the water sources used i.e. seawater, borehole and river water. Poor water quality, may lead to clogging of the reservoir and loss of oil production particularly during well stimulation and water injection.
For every barrel of crude produced 7-10 barrels of water are produced, reusing it is vital for reducing the quantity of water used during the reservoirs lifetime. Produced water contains some oil and its treatment to an environmentally acceptable level is mandatory before disposal. Good oil and water separation is therefore necessary and the physics as well as the mechanics of proper oil and water separation need to be well understood not only for water reuse but also to meet these strict environmental discharge regulations. The methods most commonly employed for oil water separations, include gravity settling and gas flotation. Flotation depends on the surface characteristics of the oil and on its interaction with the gas bubbles. The method used depends on many factors including the type and physical and chemical characteristics of the crude oil ultimately however the governing principle of these separations is dictated by Stokes law.
What are the Goals?
In this AZTech training course you will:
- Learn the details of the impact of effective oilfield water chemistry
- Comprehend how to assess the oilfield production liquid separation principles
- Understand the importance of proper water treatment
- Appreciate the importance of reusing produced water
- Develop skills necessary to evaluate the technologies used in oil and water separation
Who is this Training Course for?
This AZTech training course is suitable to a wide range of professionals but will greatly benefit:
- Engineering and technical managers and supervisors
- Maintenance coordinators
- Operations and manufacturing managers and supervisors
- Foremen and team leaders
- Plant and field engineers
- New engineers
- Those interested in obtaining a general understanding of the industry
How will this be Presented?
A range of interactive training methods will be used including practical exercises, case studies, question and answer sessions and group discussions to cover current practices in the field. Presentations will underpin topics that highlight key issues on oil water separation technologies. The training manual will support the learning experiences and provide additional reference materials and examples.
The Course Content
Day One: Oilfield water Chemistry
- Water Chemistry Fundamentals
- Environmental Regulations and Water Specifications
- Water Sampling and Analysis
- Water Scaling, Corrosion Control and Microbiology of Water
- Produced Water Generation and Production and Management Practices
- Environmental Impacts Caused by Produced Water
- Treatment and Disposal of Produced Water
- De-oiling / Soluble organics removal
- Desalination / Disinfection
Day Two: Oilfield Production Liquid Separation principles
- The Nature, Chemistry and Composition of Hydrocarbons
- Test Methods for Oil and Grease
- Emulsions / Stabilization, Destabilization,
- Principles of Flotation
- Key Design Parameters of Flotation
- Henrys & Stokes Laws
- Nucleus & Rate of Rise Theory
- Air-To-Solids Ratio
Day Three: Separation and Treatment (I)
- Mechanical filters & Filtration Technologies
- Gravity Separation Systems
- Separators - 2 and 3 Phase
- Skim Tanks
- API Separators
- Plate Coalescers
- Skim Piles
- Evaporative processes
Day Four: Separation and Treatment (II)
- Ion exchange
- Membrane processes
- Gas flotation systems
- Dissolved Air
- Induced Gas
- Dispersed Gas
Day Five: Crude Oil Desalting
- Desalting Technologies
- Desalting Equipment
- Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD)
- Wastewater recycle / reuse
- Case Study
- Course Review
- AZTech Certificate of Completion for delegates who attend and complete the training course.