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An intensive professional development training course on

Applied Water Technology
in Oil and Gas Production

The Chemistry of Produced Water Processing and Disposal

Why Choose this Training Course?

This Applied Water Technology in Oil and Gas Production training course introduces the fundamental chemistry of handling produced, connate and flooding water related issues. It includes but is not limited to, produced oily water treatment, scaling and corrosion monitoring and control, bacterial growth and well bore pore blockage issues.

Production of both conventional and unconventional fossil fuels by their nature, involves the creation and accumulation of large volumes of waste water that needs to be treated to an environmentally acceptable level before discharge into the environment. Flooding or injection water is also required to be of a certain quality, to prevent well bore pore blockage and or bacterial growth. However, the importance of proper water treatment is frequently underestimated due to the tremendous variation in the water sources available for use. Produced water on the other hand, contains oil, suspended solids and dissolved salts and its treatment therefore is mandatory before disposal. This Applied Water Technology in Oil and Gas Production training course will help in the understanding of Good oil and water separation which is consequently necessary not only for water injection/ reuse but also to reduce its quantity for disposal and for meeting the strict environmental discharge regulations.

This AZTech training course will enable participants to:

  • Learn the chemistry and physics of well bore pore blockage, scaling and corrosion
  • Appreciate the biochemical effects of bacterial growth in flooding operations
  • Understand the physics as well as the mechanics of proper oil and water separation
  • Appreciate the importance of reusing produced/ formation water
  • Learn practical techniques for produced water treatment and its management
  • Appreciate from first principles the scaling process and understand the chemistry and thermodynamics of scaling

What are the Goals?

In this AZTech training course you will:

  • Learn the details of the impact of effective oilfield water chemistry
  • Understand the importance of proper water treatment
  • Comprehend how to assess oilfield production liquid separation principles
  • Understanding and resolve operational problems in process equipment
  • Develop skills necessary to evaluate the technologies used in oil and water separation
  • Gain hands on techniques with commercial scaling software and understand the chemistry behind it

Who is this Training Course for?

This training course will serve both as an introduction to the subject and will greatly assist the candidates to progress to a more detailed knowledge of this industry. It is suitable to a wide range of professionals and will greatly benefit:

  • Plant and field engineers
  • Chemists, new engineers needing to understand produced water related problems in the production of oil and gas
  • Engineering and technical managers and supervisors
  • Maintenance coordinators
  • Operations and manufacturing managers and supervisors
  • Foremen and team leaders
  • Those interested in obtaining a general understanding of the industry

How will this Training Course be Presented?

A range of interactive training methods will be used including practical exercises, case studies, question and answer sessions and group discussions to cover current practices in the field. In addition, commercial software will be used and demonstrated. Presentations will underpin topics that highlight key issues on oil water separation technologies and short films and animated exercises will be used during the program to enhance the participants’ knowledge of the subject. The training manual will support the learning experiences and provide additional reference material and examples.

The Course Content

Day One:  Oilfield Water Chemistry

  • Fundamentals of Water Chemistry
  • Water treatment microbiology
  • Water Scaling
  • Corrosion and Control
  • Environmental Regulations and Water Specifications
  • Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD)
  • Water Sampling and Analysis

Day Two:  Oilfield Water Generation, Separation Theory & Principles

  • Produced Water Generation and Management Practices
  • Environmental Impacts Caused by Produced Water
  • Emulsions / Stabilization, Destabilization
  • Henrys & Stokes Laws / Nucleus & Rate of Rise Theory
  • The Nature, Chemistry and Composition of Hydrocarbons
  • Equilibrium and Solubility Product First principles
  • Water formed scales

Day Three:  Separation and Treatment (I)

  • Calculation of the solubility product and co-precipitation
  • Scaling calculations first principles
  • Commercial software - I – ScaleChem
  • Commercial software - II – OLI Studio: Corrosion
  • Corrosion control
  • Gas flotation systems - Dissolved Air/ Induced Gas/ Dispersed Gas
  • Key Design Parameters of Flotation / Air-To-Solids Ratio
  • Case Study – Calculation of the solubility of BaSO4/ Co precipitation of CaSO4

Day Four:  Separation and Treatment (II)

  • Desalting Technologies & Equipment
  • Electro-deionization
  • Gravity Separation Systems /Separators - 2 and 3 Phase 
  • Skim Tanks / Skim Piles
  • API Separators
  • Plate Coalescers
  • Filtration Technologies & Mechanical filters
  • Ion exchange & Membrane processes
  • Case Study

Day Five:  Produced Water Disposal

  • Water injection and disposal systems - theory of operation, corrosion, scale and biological control
  • Treatment and Disposal of Produced Water
  • Transportation Problems
  • De-oiling / Soluble organics removal
  • Desalination / Disinfection
  • Evaporative processes
  • Wastewater recycle / reuse
  • Course Review & Close

The Certificate

  • AZTech Certificate of Completion for delegates who attend and complete the training course

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© 2022. Material published by Aztech shown here is copyrighted.

All rights reserved. Any unauthorized copying, distribution, use, dissemination, downloading, storing (in any medium), transmission, reproduction or reliance in whole or any part of this course outline is prohibited and will constitute an infringement of copyright.


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