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An intensive professional development training course on

Hydrotreating & Hydrocracking
Process Technology

Why Choose this Training Course?

This comprehensive course overlays the process fundamentals and sound knowledge of Hydro-treating and Hydro-cracking processes where Hydrogen is a key material in the upgrading and treatment of refinery products and fractions. A review of the state-of-the-art in process design, energy and mass integration will be presented as potential key improvements.

In-depth practical review of Hydro-treating/cracking technologies is provided across the course topics. The contents focus on the Hydro-conversion of heavy products, distillates, diesel, and naphtha into other hydrogenated/lower molecular weight products, besides saturated products with enhanced Cetane number, free of sulphur, nitrogen and metals. The course also discusses some process design/chemistry and engineering principles for such processes and presents scope for improvements.

This course is valuable to engineers/scientists, designers and researchers involved in the industry of Hydro-conversion in refiners. Yet it is most beneficial to those professionals with experiences in other fields and willing to acquire knowledge in Hydro-conversion processes.

This course will feature:

  • Lectures, exercises and team work in some areas of process design and improvement
  • Real studies that exhibit improvement solution for energy/environment
  • Knowledge transfer of instructor’s extensive engaged industrial consultations
  • Practice of Excel-based design tools for mass/energy integration in refining plants
  • Open discussion on actual problems/data for design and improvements


What are the Goals?

By the end of this course, participants will be able to:

  • Develop deep understanding of mass/H2/energy balance in refining processes
  • Gain in-depth knowledge of the state-of-the-art of material and energy integration
  • Evaluate different flow schemes for hydro-treating and hydro-cracking processes
  • Manipulated process design and operation variables for better H2-conversion performances
  • Master experiences of chemistry/kinetics, function of catalysts, clean production, environmental issues of very typical upgraded fuel productions


Who is this Training Course for?

The course is of great significance to process/operational engineers, technicians, control engineers, designers, scientists and researchers working closely in the refining industry in general or particularly Hydro-cracking, Hydro-treating processes. It is also substantially beneficial to other professionals and experts who have considerable experiences in other fields of business and keen to gain a sufficient knowledge in the particular industry of Hydro-conversion. All levels of professionalism are eligible for the course, ranging from young-fresh personnel to highly experienced ones. 

This course is suitable to a wide range of professionals but will greatly benefit:

  • Process and development engineers
  • Plant managers
  • Operational engineers/control personnel
  • Researchers/scientists
  • Project and design engineers


How will this Training Course be Presented?

This course will utilise a variety of proven adult learning techniques to ensure maximum understanding, comprehension and retention of the information presented. This includes course materials, proposed reading/state-of-the-art of the course content, lecture talks, exercises, team works and discussions, and solved applications. The nature of the course will be interactive and a practice of how to think, not what to think will be mastered. The philosophy of the course delivery will be:

  • Development of a deep understanding of the-state-of-the-art of all contents and topics
  • Analysis and improvement of some case studies with respect to economics and environment
  • Practices in process design/simulation of specific applications based on Excel or commercial packages if available


The Course Content

Day One: Introduction: The Basics

  • Fundamentals of Mass/Hydrogen and Energy Balance in Refineries
  • State-of-the-Art of Material and Energy Integration
  • Fundamentals of Petroleum Refinery Processing: Downstream Crude Oil Refining
  • Products’ Specifications and Characteristics
  • Process Design/Optimisation and Heat Integration Schemes
  • Environmental and Economic Issues


Day Two: Hydro-Treating – Fundamentals and Principles  

  • Introduction to Hydro-Conversion Processes and H2 Sources  
  • Process Flow Schemes
  • Process Chemistry and Kinetics
  • Catalysts/ Heat of Reactions
  • Operating Conditions, Principles and Design Considerations
  • Hydrogen Requirements for Hydro-treating


Day Three: Hydro-Treating – Advanced Processing

  • Reactors Design
  • Applications to Naphtha, Middle Distillate, Gas Oil and
  • Atmospheric Residue Desulphurisation
  • Saturation of Benzene in Gasoline
  • Potential Improvements for Material and Energy Savings
  • Clean Diesel Hydro-treating Process Technology – Critical Issues


Day Four: Hydro-Cracking – Fundamentals and Principles 

  • Feed Stocks and Products
  • Process Chemistry/Kinetics
  • Catalysts/De-activation and Re-Generation
  • Products Quality and Yields: Process Configuration, Catalyst Type and Operating Process Variables and Parameters
  • Reactors Technology for Hydro-cracking
  • Single Stage Hydro-cracking Process Technology


Day Five: Hydro-Cracking – Advanced Processing

  • Two Stage Hydro-cracking Process Technology
  • Process Design Features
  • Hydrogen Balance and Consumption
  • Scope for Process Integration Improvements
  • Hydrogen Balance/Integration and Management
  • Steam/Methane Reforming


The Certificate

  • AZTech Certificate of Completion for delegates who attend and complete the course


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